Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are generally transmitted by having sexual intercourse with someone with a sexually transmitted disease. There may not always be symptoms when there is an infection. Sometimes it can take weeks, months, and years for symptoms to appear. However, the patient can infect other people without realizing it.

General symptoms:
* Burning and stinging while urinating, frequent urination
* The formation of wounds, warts and water-filled bubbles in the penis, vagina, anus, lips and mouth
* Smelly and colored discharge from the penis, vagina or anus, itching,
* Pain, swelling and glands in the groin
* Pain in the lower abdomen
* Bleeding after sexual intercourse

In sexually transmitted diseases, one or more of these symptoms can be seen together, but they may also be due to other diseases. You should definitely consult a doctor for correct diagnosis and treatment.

This can have serious consequences if you are diagnosed and not treated for the sexually transmitted disease. For example, in women, it can be the cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, or even cervical cancer.

Those who have sexually transmitted diseases can pass the virus during pregnancy or birth to their babies.

Some viruses such as AIDS and Hepatitis are transmitted in other ways than sexual intercourse. For example, it can be transmitted by blood transfusions, taking and giving blood with non-sterile needles, intravenous drug use (using someone else's needle), tattooing under non-sterile conditions or ear piercing. You will not get sexually transmitted diseases by using someone else's glass or fork spoon.

Sexually transmitted diseases usually do not heal on their own. It must be treated correctly. Correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment are determined with laboratory examinations made from vaginal discharge, anus or a swab taken from the tip of the penis. The treatment given should be applied fully even if the complaints disappear. It is necessary not to have sexual intercourse during the treatment or to use a condom when there is intercourse.

You can infect everyone you have sexual intercourse with from the moment you are infected or during the treatment of the disease.

Avoiding sexual intercourse or using a condom with anyone you think or suspect of having sexual intercourse with someone else is very important for your sexual health.

  • Op.Dr. Zeynep Taşargöl
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist

    You can send me your questions and comments about Sexually Transmitted Diseases via this field. The answers provided are advisory. You need to be examined by your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.