Gender Selection (PGD)

What is Preimplantation Genetic Screening Test?
We apply the Preimplantation Genetic Screening Test to the embryo that we have formed as a result of the placement of the sperm cell into the egg cell. With this test, we do not allow any genetic diseases to be passed on to the baby by scanning the embryo for genetic diseases before placing it in your uterus.

In this way, we both eliminate the risk of miscarriage you may experience during pregnancy and ensure that you give birth to a healthy baby.


What is Gender Determination?
Gender determination is the couple's method of choosing the sex of their baby before pregnancy. In order to be able to choose the gender, the couple must apply the IVF method. IVF treatment is the fertilization of eggs and sperm in a laboratory environment. During this treatment, female ovaries are stimulated and a large number of egg development is aimed for the egg collection process (OPU). On the day of egg collection, the eggs collected from the woman are fertilized with the sperm taken from her partner and embryo formation is achieved. Embryos are kept in incubators (devices that imitate the uterus). The development of embryos is observed on a daily basis. Genetic processing is applied to the embryos on the 3rd or 5th day.
Chromosome analysis is done simultaneously with a genetic test. One of the chromosomes examined is the XY chromosome. By looking at the XY chromosome, the gender of the embryo can be understood. After the determination of the gender, the desired embryos are transferred. After embryo transfer takes place, the pregnancy process is exactly the same as the normal pregnancy process. In many cases, it is investigated whether the embryo has any genetic disease (eg: Down Syndrome, Trisomy, etc.) by looking at other chromosomes in addition to the XY chromosome. Gender determination is 99.9% accurate, making it very attractive for couples who want to predict the gender of the baby.

Gender determination is more prominent in some cultures where a certain gender is preferred. However, many couples use this treatment to balance the gender distribution in family members. Gender determination adjustments vary from country to country. Many countries allow gender determination only for health reasons (eg: hereditary disease that will pass into a certain gender).
Gender Determination of the Baby
Gender determination prevents the woman from having an abortion without conceiving the baby of the desired sex, and enables the gender to be determined before the embryo adheres to the uterus.

Gender determination, one of the revolutionary innovations in the health sector, is increasing its popularity among couples who want to have a baby.

Gender determination can be explained as determining the sex of the baby before the baby is born. Throughout history, many methods have been proposed for gender determination, but the most reliable ones are those performed by scientific methods.
This process is free in only a very few countries. For this reason, couples travel to these countries from all over the world for gender determination.
Couples who want to determine the gender in IVF are prepared for the procedure by going through normal IVF stages.

Since couples use their own eggs and sperm in IVF treatment, the age factor is directly related to the number and quality of the eggs that will emerge. As the age progresses, the number and reserve of eggs that will emerge will decrease. Therefore, couples who are considering gender determination in IVF are recommended to start treatment before they get older. While determining the gender in IVF, the number and quality of the eggs that will emerge from the expectant mother may also affect the number of embryos that will be formed by fertilization with the sperm sample to be taken from the father. The higher the number of embryos, the higher the probability of obtaining the desired gender.

  • Op.Dr. Zeynep Taşargöl
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist

    You can send me your questions and comments about Gender Selection (PGD) via this field. The answers provided are advisory. You need to be examined by your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.