A group of egg cells that begin to develop in both ovaries in the first week try to become the largest egg with the highest chance of fertilization by entering a race among themselves. The egg that wins this race grows gradually and grows significantly from other egg cells and becomes the "dominant follicle". After a while, with the effect of some hormones, this dominant follicle cracks and the egg inside is thrown into the abdominal cavity. After being thrown into the abdominal cavity, the egg caught by the tubes waits for fertilization for approximately 12-24 hours. If fertilization occurs (fertilization occurs with the combination of egg and sperm cells), the first stage of pregnancy is started. If fertilization does not occur, the egg dies and menstrual bleeding occurs approximately 14 days later. The days when the egg is cracked, which is in the middle of the two menstrual periods, is the period when the woman has the highest chance of conceiving. Couples planning pregnancy during this period should have sexual intercourse every other day or every day. Since the chance of getting pregnancy in a menstrual period is about 20%, couples who cannot achieve pregnancy should continue to have sexual intercourse in the next month in a similar way without losing their morale. In general, only 1 egg is produced in a woman in a menstrual period and it cracks. Unlike in fraternal twins and triplets, more than one egg develops and hatches. If all of these eggs are fertilized, multiple pregnancy occurs.
During all these events, on the other hand, the inside of the uterus called "endometrium" began to thicken. The purpose of this thickening is to ensure that the fertilized egg (embrio), which will form after fertilization, can easily hold in the uterus. In other words, a kind of bed is prepared in the womb for the little baby. Thus, the blood supply increases in this part of the body in order to meet all the needs of the newly developed creature.
If fertilization occurs after the egg hatches, the fertilized egg begins a long journey in the tubes for about a week. During the journey, the fertilized egg quickly changes shape and content. The chromosomes coming from both spouses unite within the egg cell, divide and multiply rapidly, forming a cell cluster. After a while, this fertilized egg begins to divide. Continuing to divide in the form of 2, 4, 8 cells, when the egg reaches the uterus through the tubes, it has 32 cells and takes the name “morula”.The gender of your baby depends entirely on the X and Y chromosome that your partner's sperm cells carry. In other words, if your spouse's sperm cell bearing the X chromosome fertilizes your egg cell, your child will be GIRL, and if the sperm cell bearing the Y chromosome fertilizes your egg, your baby will be a BOY. In other words, sex is determined by sperm carrying an X or Y chromosome during fertilization.
After the egg cell produced from the ovaries of the woman is fertilized with the sperm of the man, an embryo (baby) is formed. The embryo attaches to the thickened inner wall of the uterus approximately 7 days after fertilization (in the meantime it has traveled in tubes and reached the uterus).
There has not been a menstrual delay yet. Nowadays, if the mother who is expecting menstrual bleeding cannot have her period, she can have a pregnancy test in blood or urine.
The first sign of pregnancy is delayed menstrual bleeding. Nausea, morning malaise and vomiting are other early symptoms. It is very effective to eat frequent and small meals and to have a light snack before waking up in the morning. Generally, these complaints disappear after the first trimester (first 3 months) ends. In addition, excessive craving for some foods and flavors, also known as cittosis, can be seen.
Although the expectant mother has not yet felt any change, the gestational sac has begun to form and carry oxygen and nutrients to the embryo thanks to the umbilical cord (yolk sac). The developing baby candidate now expects enough vitamins, folic acid, protein, calcium, iron, etc. from you. You should start taking 400 microgams of folic acid a day, especially from a few months before you conceive.
The baby develops in a fluid called amnion in the mother's womb. This fluid allows the baby to move comfortably, protects it from impacts, and plays a role in the healthy development of the baby's lungs, digestive system and many other organs.
With transvaginal ultrasonography, the gestational sac can be detected in the uterus. Gestational sac can generally be detected as early as 4 weeks + 3 days. It is observed as a dark ring of 3-5 mm in the inner wall of the uterus.
The expected period delay has occurred. Some early pregnancy symptoms such as morning fatigue, nausea and sometimes vomiting, craving (appetite changes), darkening of the nipples, breast tension, frequent urination, begin to emerge gradually. However, pregnancy can continue without any changes in the mother.
When encountering vaginal bleeding or spotting, a doctor should be consulted. The bleeding seen may not be serious, but it should be evaluated in terms of the possibility of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. If you are complaining about cramps or abdominal pain, you should definitely consult a doctor.
The gestational sac must now be seen in the uterus by transvaginal ultrasound in the 5th week. It reaches a size of approximately 1 cm. Meanwhile, the pregnancy test B-HCG in blood is around 1500-2400. The gestational sac appears as a dark ring of about 8-10 mm in the thickened inner wall of the uterus and grows 1-2 mm per day. When the gestational sac reaches a size of about 1 cm, the yolk sac also begins to appear. Embrio and yolk sac are seen together in the gestational sac with an average diameter of 1.5 cm.
Meanwhile, the embryo develops rapidly within the gestational sac. It is approximately 2-5 mm in size and is located close to the passenger pouch that is traced as a 3-4 mm round white ring.
Changes in the uterus and vagina can now be determined with a gynecological examination. If there is no pregnancy nausea or vomiting, the expectant mother will gradually begin to gain weight. However, even if there is some weight loss due to nausea and vomiting, this does not usually have a negative effect on the baby. Generally, an average of 1 kilo is gained in the first 3 months (12 weeks).
There is a very rapid growth and change in this period. Your baby's heartbeats are detected by transvaginal ultrasound. It can be heard with a Doppler ultrasound.
Since this period is very important for the organ development of the baby, substances such as alcohol and cigarettes that may be harmful to the baby should be avoided.
Now the expectant mother begins to feel changes in her body. Early pregnancy symptoms such as morning fatigue and craving have become evident. There is fullness and tightness in the breasts.
In the 7th week, the crown-rump distance (CRL) of the embryo grows from 6 mm to 11 mm. Since the brain develops rapidly in this phase of development, the head is seen larger than the other parts of the body.
After 6 to 7 weeks, your baby's heart rate increases from 120 to 160 beats per minute. Heart beats below 85 beats per minute are associated with disruption of pregnancy and follow-up ultrasounds should be performed.
The ratio of the length of the embryo to the size of the amniotic sac is an important parameter for the healthy course of your pregnancy. Amniotic sac-embrio length should be greater than 5mm in normal early pregnancies. Yolk sac should typically be below 6 mm in normal pregnancies.
While the uterus was the size of a fist before pregnancy, it has now reached the size of an orange. Depending on the growing uterus, there may be stretching and occasional cramping pains in the groin, lower abdomen. If the pain is very severe, you should definitely consult your doctor.
Your baby continues to grow rapidly. Embrio reaches from 14 mm to 21 mm in length. The head is still large and prominent and curved over the heart protrusion. Yolk sac gradually gets smaller.
The uterus is growing rapidly. However, pregnancy is still not visible from outside. There may be indigestion, gas and heartburn. There may be emotional changes such as crying and distress.
The fetus can now be easily evaluated by both vaginal and abdominal ultrasonography. Head-butt length is approximately 2 to 3 cm. Embrio has acquired human form. Head, trunk and extremities can be detected on ultrasound. The baby's limb and body movements can be seen on ultrasound. The fetus begins to move its extremities and body and can be seen in the uterus rolling over. However, the mother cannot feel this. It is not possible to see the gender.
Pregnancy is still not visible from outside. However, the mother gradually starts to wear more loose and loose clothing. Emotional changes and craving continue, although it is nearing its end.
The heart completes its development to a large extent. Intestines developed outside the body move well into the abdominal cavity. Knees and feet become prominent. Toes and nails are evident. Muscles begin to gain strength. The clitoris develops in female babies and the penis in male babies. Their kidneys produce urine, and arm and leg movements begin. Height: 5.5 cm. Weight: 6 gr. Since the formation of almost all joints and muscles is completed, the baby now moves in the water bladder, but it is not possible for you to feel these movements.
In the mother, the uterus can be palpated in the lower abdomen. There may be changes in the mother's gums, nails and skin.
The most critical period of pregnancy is now over. In this week, the brain continues to grow rapidly and the head makes up half the length of the fetus. Its head and body are almost the same size. Organ development is largely complete. The eyes of the fetus are closed and the iris layer under these eyelids continues to mature. As urine production begins in the kidneys, the amount of amniotic fluid in which it floats begins to increase, and this is about 50 ml per week. Although the baby kicks, the mother cannot yet feel it. Height: 7 cm. Weight 8gr.
The early intelligence test, 11-14 weeks double screening test and nuchal thickness measurement can be done from this week.
Craving, nausea-vomiting and morning fatigue begin to decrease. You may have gained approximately 1-1.5 kg by this time.
The baby's face looks like a human, and the upper palate has begun to merge in the mouth. Hair roots begin to appear on the skin of the face. Nails start to grow on hands and feet. All internal organs of the baby are in working order in this week. It can pee. Nails develop. After this week, your baby is less likely to be harmed by drugs and harmful factors. Their genitals are sufficiently developed to reveal their gender. However, it may be possible to make this distinction in ultrasound, but there is a high margin of error. Height: 8 cm, Weight: 18 gr.
Double screening test and nuchal thickness measurement can be performed for 11-14 weeks.
The early signs of pregnancy and the complaints it created are almost non-existent. During this period, it is necessary not to get tired too much and rest as much as possible. As the uterus grows, it stretches and stretches the surrounding organs and the ligaments that hold it in place. This can be perceived as a mild groin pain. If you have not gained weight until now due to nausea-vomiting, morning fatigue, you will start to feel better and gain weight.
While the umbilical cord carries the necessary substances from the placenta to the fetus, it also transfers the waste materials in the fetus to the mother's circulatory system.
The crown-rump distance is 6-8 cm. The head is larger than the body or as long as the body. The eyes are closer to each other, the appearance becomes more and more human-like. Intestines move to their normal places in the abdomen. Fingers and toes are fully formed, joints are working. External genitals are now visible.
It is now gradually understood that you are pregnant when looked from the outside. There may be mild pain, constipation, and slight drops in your blood pressure. Nausea has passed, but again with the relaxing effect of progesterone, stomach contents return to your esophagus (reflux) and burning may occur. Nutrition improves, your energy increases. Many women regain their sexual urges lost during this period of pregnancy. If there are no complications, sexual intercourse is not prohibited during pregnancy.
Due to the rapid growth of the uterus, abdominal muscle relaxation and cracks (stria gravidarum) in the skin (hips, abdomen, legs and breasts) can be seen. The skin cracks that occur during pregnancy are connected to the individual differences in the content of connective tissue under the skin. Because not every pregnant woman has cracks.
The baby's crown-rump distance is 8-10 cm and the weight is about 25 grams. Ears come further forward to the sides from the back of the head. The chin becomes prominent. Your baby changes place by curling and verifying external stimuli (when pressure is applied to the uterus with an ultrasound probe). Your baby is now swallowing and peeing.
Your uterus can be felt 4-5 fingers below your belly button. Amnios water increases and is almost about 250cc. It is now understood that you are pregnant when looked from the outside. Nosebleeds and varicose veins in the legs can be seen due to your increased blood volume and ponding in the veins.
When lying down, try to lie on your left side (if you are very uncomfortable, it can be on your right side). Because there may be a decrease in the blood flow to the baby while lying on your back. If such a lying position makes you uncomfortable, you can put pillows behind your back and between the legs. If you have problems such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids, raise your legs to the level of your heart while resting (lying down). If necessary, supportive compression stockings can be worn. A light colored liquid called clostrum may come from the breasts. This is normal.
Your baby has started drinking amniotic fluid. Hiccups can be seen. Its height has increased to about 13 cm and its weight to 75 grams. Fine and silky hairs called lanugo begin to appear on the developing baby's head. These primitive hairs are lost at birth. During this period, the baby's skin is very thin and veins can be seen under the skin. Your baby has started to suck its finger.
As your baby grows, your uterus grows and expands. Your uterus is up to 250 grams and can be felt 4 fingers below the belly button. Amnion water increases and is now 250cc. After this week, if you have had a pregnancy before, you may feel the movements of the child, which is called "revival", such as gas in the intestine or muscle twitching. Experienced mothers can feel the first movement of the baby this week. However, not feeling the movement does not mean that it is an abnormal situation. This happens around the 20th week in those who have had their first pregnancy.
Gender can be seen in some cases between the 12th and 14th weeks, or it may not be seen until the last stages of pregnancy, but this is very rare. Determining the sex of the baby during these weeks depends mainly on the experience of the examiner. Again, this week, a triple screening test, which is extremely important for Down syndrome, can be performed. The ideal time frame for this test is weeks 16-18.
The baby's crown-rump distance is 10.75 - 11.5 cm and weight is 140 grams. Nails are fully formed. At the beginning, fine and silky hairs (lanugo) became more pronounced. Most of the nervous system development is almost completed. Nerve impulses and muscles response to this impulses increase. Thin hand, arm, leg and body movements are seen. Baby’s heart sound can be heard with a special stethoscope. Eyebrows and eyelashes are formed. Sex determination can be done by ultrasound. Baby's legs are now longer than his arms.
Your appetite is getting better. The threat of miscarriage has decreased. The weight you carry is not too heavy yet, your movements are not too restricted. You can communicate with your child by gradually listening to your baby's movements. As the pregnancy grows, your spouse can feel the movements of the child by putting his hand on your stomach.
Loosening in joints continues to increase. When getting out of bed, first sit down and then stand up with the help of your hands and arms. Do not carry unbalanced and heavy loads. While taking something from the ground, take it by kneeling without bending from the waist. Do not try to reach items at heights that you cannot reach with both hands (especially with one hand) from the shelves.
The baby's subcutaneous fat stores begin to increase rapidly from this pregnancy week. Sucking, swallowing and blinking reflexes of the baby also occur during these weeks of pregnancy. Calcium storage is accelerated in the baby's bones. The baby can suck its finger. In this week, the baby's heart pumps 30 liters (about 1.5 bucketfuls) of blood per day. At the end of this week, the height is 18 cm and the weight is 150 gr.
Parallel to the growth of the baby, the expectant mother also starts to gain weight. It is quite normal to gain 2-4 kilos until these weeks. Your heart works 30-50% more than before pregnancy.
In this week, the baby often opens and closes his fingers and toes. The first stool called meconium in the intestines starts to form from this week of pregnancy. Prostate development in male babies starts and ends this week. At the end of this week, the height is 20 cm and the weight is 210 gr. With a detailed ultrasound examination (2nd level ultrasound) to be performed between this week and the 22nd week, quite reliable information about normal development, gestational age and baby's gender can be obtained.
During this period, there may be mild pain due to the contraction of the growing uterus. There may be constipation, cramps in the legs, swelling in the joints, and back pain. With the effect of pregnancy hormones, redness may be seen on the face, shoulder and arms due to the enlargement of the small vessel ends.
As of this week, a substance called vernix caseosa starts to be produced to protect the baby's skin from the liquid environment to which it is constantly exposed. This substance is white, creamy and protects the baby's skin by covering it. Baby’s crown-rump distance is 13 - 15 cm, height is 22 cm, weight is 280 gr. The skin is transparent and the veins are visible under it. Hair is formed.
The uterus is at the level of your navel. You may sweat more than usual due to the overwork of the thyroid gland. Your waist becomes thicker.
The baby's nail, hair and eyelash formation has been completed, and the organs can be easily selected in an ultrasonographic examination during this period. A large part of its body is covered by a soft and hairy layer called lanuga.
In this week, rapid brain maturation, which will continue until the age of 5, begins after birth. The baby's sense of smell, taste, hearing, sight and touch begin to be thoroughly active.
The baby enters sleep and wakefulness periods in the womb. The mother begins to feel the baby movements. Height: 25 cm, Weight: 340 gr.
If you haven't started before, you should start iron supplementation from this week. The iron you take with diet will not be enough for you during pregnancy. For this reason, you should definitely get support from outside.
In this period, waist and back pain can be seen due to the expanding abdomen in order to provide space for the baby. Massage and hot application to the painful areas are recommended. The uterus has passed the navel level. Now it begins to descend into the scrotum. This process is completed towards the end of 32 weeks. At the end of this week, height is 29 cm and weight is 470 grams. People around you can easily understand that you are pregnant without telling you. You should have gained about 3.5 to 5 kg by now. Urinary tract inflammation easily develops because the urinary flow rate slows down in the urinary tract that relaxes due to increased pregnancy hormones (especially progesterone).
Also during this period, irregular contractions can be felt in the abdomen. If these contractions, which usually pass with rest, are repeated at regular intervals or are seen more than 4 times within an hour after resting, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
The baby's heart muscle starts to get stronger and pump blood more powerfully from this week. For this reason, the heartbeat number of the baby in the uterus varies between 120-160. The height is 28 cm and the weight is 400 gr.
Cramps start to occur more frequently. Sometimes it can be extremely irritating. You can eat foods rich in calcium and potassium to prevent cramps. A glass of warm milk, banana, grapefruit or orange before going to bed may be helpful. When the cramp occurs, stretching your legs in the opposite direction of the stiff muscle will help the cramp recover more quickly. Now you may find that you are having difficulty keeping your balance from time to time. Depending on the growth of your belly, the center of balance of your body shifts. Since the body cannot adapt to this at the same speed, you may have difficulty in maintaining your balance.
The baby is like a small model of a real person during this period. It responds to sounds with movement and distinguishes beautiful sounds. You can talk to your child and even sing to him or her. You can calm the baby more easily with the same sounds after birth. Eyelids are formed and can move. If the baby is a boy, the testicles are from the intra-abdominal area, which is the first development place.
You should have gained about 4.5-5.5 kilos since the beginning of your pregnancy. Back pain may be getting worse. These pains are due to the increase in the load on the spine and the surrounding muscles in order to meet the weight carried in the front of the abdomen in an unbalanced manner. Balanced movement, proper sitting, massage and hot applications may be beneficial to relieve back pain. When your partner puts his hand on your stomach, your baby's movements can be felt easly and these movements can be noticed from the outside. This is because the amniotic fluid the baby is in is relatively excessive. So there is a lot of room for the baby to move around. Your baby can tumble in your belly and move freely. This week, the baby's body gradually returns to normal. However, the middle ear bones, which are still slightly larger than the head body, also complete their development and the sounds begin to be transmitted to the baby's auditory center. So your baby's ears start to hear. The skin is still wrinkled, it will continue to gain weight quickly. Lanugo hair gets a darker color. Height is 31 cm, weight is 550 gr.
Your weight gain rate should be around 1-1.5 kilos per month. If you gain weight quickly and your body begins to swell, consult your doctor. It may be necessary to investigate in terms of pregnancy poisoning (preeclampsia) by monitoring blood pressure and albumin in urine. In the vagina, odorless, yellow-white, normal vaginal discharge can be seen.
As of this week, it has been shown by scientific data that a significant part of the baby's perception has developed and that the baby responds consciously to stimuli, not reflexes. In other words, the baby has now begun to learn, store information in its memory and react correctly. The baby’s rather wrinkled skin is covered by a substance called vernix. It can suck its finger, cough, hiccup and open its eyes. If it is to be born, the baby’s chances of survival are almost negligible. Height: 32 cm, Weight: 600 gr.
Due to the rapid growth of the uterus in the abdomen, heartburn and indigestion have increased. It is the period when children's movements are heard best. Pay attention to eating less and often and keeping your feet up while resting. Due to the pressure of the growing uterus and impaired circulation, there may be pain in the legs and lower back. Some pregnant women may have pain in the wrists and fingers. In such cases, it is very useful to keep the hand high and apply a cold application.
In the 24-28th weeks, you should have a 50 g glucose (sugar) load test. With this test, diabetes (gestational diabetes) that occurs only during pregnancy and can affect the mother and baby negatively is investigated. Blood glucose is measured 1 hour after drinking 50 g of glucose on an empty or full stomach (preferably after measuring fasting blood glucose after fasting), this measurement should be below 140 mg / dl.
The baby's skin is now losing its transparent appearance. The skin is covered with folds. Heartbeats can be heard with a stethoscope or by someone leaning against the abdomen, if the position of the baby is appropriate. Height: 33 cm. Weight: 700 gr.
Due to the rapid growth of the baby and the stronger movements, there may be pain in your ribs and abdomen.
This week, the baby's lung development accelerates. The lungs begin to produce a substance called surfactant, which is essential for their functioning. In addition, hand and footprints begin to form as of this week. Brain functions are similar to those of a normal newborn. Characteristics of the brain's sleep and wakefulness periods can be distinguished. Height is approximately 34 cm, weight is 820 gr.
In these weeks, sudden abdominal hardening can be felt. These are normal contractions in the uterus, but if you experience regular contractions that last longer than 30 seconds and occur at intervals of more than 15 minutes, you should call your doctor right away, as preterm labor may occur. During this period, breathing and sleep problems may be experienced. It is recommended to take a short walk before going to bed, or to increase the number of pillows used while lying down. It is also useful to measure blood pressure twice a week to control blood pressure. This week, the brain and lungs continue to develop rapidly. The baby sucks on its finger and thus the jaw muscles develop. Height: 35 cm, Weight: 1000 gr.
Due to the growing baby in the abdomen, digestive problems, insomnia, and breathing difficulty continue to increase. Constipation can be reduced by drinking plenty of fluids, fresh vegetables and fruits. In this week, your baby will continue to grow rapidly and fill the uterus as much as possible. Your uterus has almost reached the level of your ribs. This week, you may notice an increase in varicose veins and swelling in your legs. If you have hemorrhoids problems, it may get worse and you may experience frequent cramps in your legs. If you have a blood incompatibility with your spouse, you should remind your doctor in this week.
During this period, your baby's need for calcium increases. If enough calcium is not taken, the calcium storage in the mother's bones decreases.
The baby's lungs are quickly getting ready to live outside in terms of structure and function. Deep sleep (dream) waves can be detected in the brain (REM). The probability of living in a premature birth has increased. Baby may cry weakly or hiccup and its body begins to store fat. It starts to recognize sounds. Personality is thought to be formed from this week on. Height: 36 cm. Weight: 1100 gr.
This period, called the last trimester, is up to 40 weeks. Most women gain an average of 5kg during this trimester. The uterus continues to grow and compress the surrounding organs. Thus, the urge to urinate frequently may occur again, as in the first weeks of pregnancy. You should inform your doctor of any vaginal bleeding and discharge or fluid that feels like wetting your underwear. The water sac is normally opened at or near birth. If it is opened early, there may be a serious risk of infection for the mother and baby.
Your baby can open its eyes and constantly turn its head in the womb. Fat layers continue to form. Baby’s senses are fully developed and can perceive light, sound, taste and smell. Height: 38 cm. Weight: 1300 gr.
Problems with the digestive system in expectant mothers can be reduced by consuming high-fiber foods and drinking plenty of fluids. Cramps in the legs are quite common. Maintaining vitamin and mineral intake until birth is very important for the health of both mother and baby. Meanwhile, the weight of the mother has increased by 7 - 8 kilos. It is possible to get rough information about the health of the child by counting the baby movements. If the baby moves 10 times a day during the 12-hour period when the mother is awake, this is interpreted positively. If the baby does not move or moves little, you should consult your doctor.
You may notice that the baby is starting to come down more and more. In this case, there is a feeling of relief and increased pressure in the lower parts of the abdomen, and you may even feel that the baby will jump out. Although breathing and eating are easier, walking can be uncomfortable and you may feel the need to urinate constantly.
Your baby is about 1350 grams in weight and 45 cm long. Lanugo hairs start to disappear.
Since the uterus is now large enough to fill the entire abdomen, the load on the respiratory, digestive and circulatory system is gradually increasing. The mother may have gained around 8-10 kg of weight normally. Your baby's place is narrowed down and it pushes your organs upwards to make room for itself, compressing your stomach. You may have stomach burning and digestive difficulties.
Your baby can see in the womb, separate light from darkness. It can also blink and close its eyes. The baby moves less because there is not enough room for it to move. The baby is 45 cm in length and 1750 g in weight. Due to the increasing subcutaneous adipose tissue, it gains weight. Its hearing is well developed now and can distinguish familiar sounds and music.
From this week on, you should go to the doctor's check-ups more frequently (every 2 weeks). In the last month, you should go to the doctor's checks every week. During these months, the first milk called "colostrum" may come from the nipple in some mothers. The abdomen can be seen in different ways depending on the size, position and the amount of fluid the baby swims in. Even if you have given birth before, you can perceive each pregnancy differently.
Waist, groin, leg pain may increase. Keep your legs high while resting. While lying down, you sould lay on your left side or support yourself under or in between the legs with pillows on the side of your abdomen that touches the bed.
The areas in the uterus where it can move are rapidly decreasing. The baby opens and closes its eyes and makes breathing movements. The hair extended to the forehead border, and the increase in fat and muscle tissue is accelerated. As the subcutaneous adipose tissue continues to develop, your baby's color starts to turn from red to pink.
Babies with the possibility of preterm birth during this period should definitely be delivered in hospitals with an intensive care unit. Brain development is accelerated, the eye iris responds to light and darkness. The baby sleeps and moves. Height: 46 cm, Weight: 1800 gr.
As the relaxin hormone that increases during pregnancy loosens your thigh joints, your walking becomes difficult. You start walking with your hands on the waist and pushing your waist forward. You should rest in a comfortable position, especially at night. If there is swelling in your hands and feet, your blood pressure should be followed more closely. Your baby's chances of living outside are increasing gradually. A substance called surfactant secreted from the lungs (alveoli) has begun to increase. With the increase of these substances, the baby's ability to live without respiratory distress in the external environment will increase.
The baby is now about 2000 gr. It weighs 47cm and is 47cm long. He works his lungs by practicing breathing. From this week, roughly half of your weekly weight gain of 500 g goes to the baby. By taking more than half of her birth weight over the next seven weeks, your baby prepares for life outside of the womb. Due to these fat deposits, the skin becomes thick and pink. In male fetuses, testicles have entered into the ovarian sac. Skin color changes from red to pink.
The most common complaint during this period is fatigue, insomnia and pain complaints increase. Resting and taking short walks outdoors every day provide relaxation in your muscles. Weight gain continues. Pain called “Braxton Hicks” causes the uterus to harden from time to time. As the birth approaches, your doctor who follows the pregnancy should start to inform you about the birth. Maintaining vitamin and mineral intake until birth is important for the health of both mother and baby. Weakness and fatigue are felt more often, especially after the 34th week. In terms of the health of you and your baby, doctor's checks should be tightened. During these examinations, your blood pressure is measured, the growth of the uterus is checked, and your baby's weight gain, the amount of amniotic fluid, the position of your baby in the uterus, the placenta's placement and its quality are evaluated by ultrasound measurements. If necessary, your baby's heartbeat and uterine contractions are evaluated with NST (non-stress test). Your baby weighs approximately 2300 grams and is approximately 47 cm long. It probably took the head-down position. However, he may continue to change positions. The skull bones are still quite soft and not fully joined, thus facilitating the baby's exit from the narrow birth canal. You may notice swelling of your feet, hands, face and ankles, and this edema worsens in hot weather and later in the day. You should drink plenty of fluids for your baby and kidneys. Significant edema in the body, excessive weight gain, increased blood pressure may be signs of preeclampsia. When you encounter these findings, you should be followed carefully by your doctor.
Your weekly weight gain is 350-500 grams, and the baby gains half your weight each week (180-250 grams). Unless told otherwise by your doctor, it is okay to have sexual intercourse. It will be good to take a shower, rest, take short walks in the open air to relax. You should monitor the baby's movements, and if you notice a significant decrease in baby movements or no movement at all, you should definitely inform your doctor. Your baby is over 2500 grams and is probably close to 50 cm in length. 99 percent of babies born this week survive. Lungs are generally fully developed and respiratory problems, which are the cause of death in babies born before 35 weeks or in preterm babies, are more easily resolved after this week. Your baby's fat storage continues. All organ systems have completed their development and maturation. Since it starts to take up more space in the uterus than the water it swims in, its movements will not be very easy. Your baby is up to 2600 grams. Weight gain, especially fat storage, will start at the shoulders..
After this week, your doctor may call you for a check-up every week for an ultrasound evaluation. Your uterus has expanded 1000 times its original volume and you may feel like you have no space left, the uterus is probably under your ribs. You have probably gained between 12-16 kg total weight. Your baby is about 2800 grams. Fat now begins to be stored in the cheeks, the body is fuller due to the storage of fat tissue under the skin and the wrinkles on the facial skin disappear. The baby gradually enters the birth canal.
From now on, it is okay for your baby to be born any day from this week. It is around 3000 gr and 51 cm long. During your weekly doctor visits, your doctor may want to check the condition of your baby, whether there is an opening in the cervix, and how far the baby is from the birth canal. During this period, you should talk to your doctor clearly about the type of delivery. While your doctor performs routine checks of your baby with an ultrasound examination, NST should be performed at appropriate intervals if necessary. Monitoring your baby's breathing movements with ultrasound is also an indicator of your baby's well-being.
As your baby's size increases, it becomes difficult to move in the uterus and you may notice a decrease in baby movements. You start to feel your baby more as it moves. It can wake you up more often at night. His body is well shaped, and efforts to settle in the birth canal are continuing. Fingernails and toenails are now extended to the tips of the fingers.
You can now give birth at any time, and it can pass as a normal on-time birth. According to research, only 5% of births occur at the expected date of birth. 60% of births occur one week before the expected date of birth.
This week, your baby's head circumference and abdominal circumference are approximately equal to each other. Your baby has passed 3000 grams and is about 51 cm long. Most of the hairy lanugo layer covering the baby has disappeared, and the cheese-like layer (vernix caseosa) has also disappeared (some may remain at birth). Both will be swallowed by the baby and held in the baby's intestines, along with other secretions. These form a black colored stool that is thrown out with the baby's first bowel movements. We call this "meconium".
Your baby is probably positioned so that his head enters the birth canal. The immune system is still not fully developed and continues to receive antibodies (immune cells) from the mother through the placenta. Antibodies that pass through you will help your baby fight against infections for at least 6 months after birth. After birth, the baby will continue to get some antibodies (Ig A) from breast milk.
In the last week, the amniotic membrane (water sac) can be opened at any time and your water may come. Sometimes the discharge can be too fast and too much, abd sometimes it can be very slow. You may even feel like you have urine leakage. Regardless of the amount, if you think your water is coming, you should call your doctor or go to the hospital without wasting time.
Now the baby has begun to sleep very often. The big day is very close. Its height is about 51 centimeters and its weight is 3,250 grams.
Your baby is ready to be born. Its skin is in pink-red color, its height is about 52 centimeters, and its weight is 3.300-3.500 grams.
When a normal birth is decided, the movements of the baby, heartbeat and the amount of amniotic fluid are evaluated with ultrasound and NST (non-stress test), and 7 more days can be waited for pregnant women whose contractions have not started despite the expected delivery date. If labor pains have not started at the end of this period, first of all, artificial pain is tried. If labor does not begin despite the artificial pain or if the baby does not progress in the birth canal or if the baby's heartbeat starts to deteriorate, the baby is delivered by cesarean section.
As the moment of birth approaches, the cervix begins to open slowly. When this gap reaches approximately 10 cm, the first stage of birth is completed. With the second phase that begins after this, the baby progresses through the mother's birth canal and is born after completing the period of approximately 40 weeks in the womb.