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Pregnancy & Birth

Nutrition During Pregnancy

If the mother cannot be fed enough, it is highly possible that the baby will also be inadequate in nutrition. Baby's nutrition is provided by the mother's body. In this case, the mother has great responsibilities. The foods eaten during pregnancy do not have to be very different, but the same meals can be eaten, but additionally, the nutrients required for the baby and the mother should be supplemented.
Pregnant women need an average of 300-500 kcal more energy than before. Vitamins and minerals required in this period are easily met with a good and balanced diet. However, the need for iron during pregnancy should be supplimented with the consumption of iron-containing foods or with additional iron supplements. Although the weight to be gained during the total pregnancy varies from pregnant to pregnant, the average weight is 11-15 kg. These weights also need to be adjusted according to weeks.
You should pay more attention to vegetables and fruits, protein supplements, minerals and vitamins. Fresh vegetables and fruits, especially citrus fruits and tomatoes contain vitamins A, B and C. How many vitamins and minerals is stored in which foods should be known, if supportive treatment is required, iron calcium and magnesium should be taken. Therefore, some babies are bornwith anaemia, the reason for this is that pregnant women cannot fully meet their iron needs. Pregnant women should eat foods containing large amounts of iron and, if necessary, take iron supplements as recommended by the doctor.
Eating less but frequently during nausea and vomiting period in the first months of pregnancy is better for both the mother and the baby.

Pregnant women need more protein.
Meat, fish, chicken and eggs, which contain vitamin B, are important protein sources. Of course, fats should be supplemented, this supplement can be directly in the form of oil, as well as in the form of liquid and butter or in the form of cheese.

Sugar, legumes, bread, cakes and potatoes can be eaten for energy until birth.
The need for vitamin A can be met with legumes, potatoes and bread. However, if fats, sugar and starch are taken in large quantities, it causes weight gain for the pregnant woman and this is not a situation we prefer as a doctor.
Creamy and oily foods should not be consumed.
Smoking should be avoided, it should not be forgotten that if it is smoked, problems may arise with the baby or the baby's spouse.
Alcohol should not be taken.
Tea and coffee can be drunk, but not much.
If the doctor deems appropriate, vitamin support should be taken daily.

  • Op.Dr. Zeynep Taşargöl
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist

    You can send me your questions and comments about Nutrition During Pregnancy via this field. The answers provided are advisory. You need to be examined by your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.